Villages in the Rudawy Janowickie
Rudawy Janowickie Mountains
tourism, mystery, dreams...

Strużnica

Strużnica

430-470 m above sea level

Strużnica is situated at approximately 430 to 470 m above sea level, in the picturesque Karpicki Potok valley and in the vicinity of Karpniki and Gruszków.

The village's buildings seem to form a chain, and the landscape is dominated by picturesque timber and half-timber cottages from the 19th century.

Obscure beginnings...

It was known as "Nowy Rybi Potok" around the year 1654, and some claim that it was a Karpniki colony. Strużnica has held its current name since 1946.

According to its history, no church was ever built in the settlement despite its constant expansion. The local population attended church in neighbouring Karpniki. But did they all?

Not far from Strużnica, on the main ridge of the Rudawy mountains, is a place known as "Pieklisko" – or "Little Hell". In the 17th century it was called the "Devil's Church", and secret services were conducted there at the time – a result of Karpniki being deprived of its Evangelical church in 1654.

An Evangelical school was built in the village around 1742.

Strużnica and Karpniki were constantly tied to one another. The owners of Karpniki were also the owners of Strużnica. Round about the year 1765, "Nowy Rybi Potok" was ruled over by the well-known Count von Schaffgotsch. The Schaffgotsch family was one of the wealthiest and best-known dynasties in Silesia from the 18th century until 1945. Deriving from Meissen, a sheep adorned the family coat of arms. The family's main seat was in Cieplice (Jelenia Góra), while their property was scattered around Lower and Upper Silesia as well as the Czech lands.

The name Schaffgotsch appears in the history of many localities in the region. By taking a historical journey from one to another, you can to an extent uncover the fortunes of this dynasty over the centuries.

But let's go back to the year 1765, in which the value of the Strużnica property belonging to the Count was estimated. The value determined was 3,244 thalers, not particularly high – and as such one could surmise that the village was not a very wealthy one for those times. It was home then to 6 peasants, 23 craftspeople (mainly home weavers), 11 crofters and 52 serfs.

The village frequently changed hands. When Strużnica became part of the property of the Krzeszów monastery, it was acquired in 1784 by Count  Friedrich von Reden. However, this was but a fleeting moment, as just a year later he sold off Strużnica when purchasing the palace in Bukowiec. He was granted the title of Count in 1786, and from 1778 was the chief mining counsellor, and in 1779 was appointed director of the Supreme Office of Mining. His services for the village of Bukowiec comprised the creation around his palace of one of the most important park and palace layouts in Prussia of the day.

Bukowiec remains one of the most important and most beautiful park and palace complexes in the region, and is currently undergoing thorough revitalisation.

The village's next owner, in 1825, was Duke William of Prussia. At the time Strużnica comprised some 66 houses, its population mainly weaving for a living. It had 47 operating flax-processing workshops, an oil mill and a water mill, while 15 years later it already boasted 58 weaving workshops, and 2 merchants lived there.

When weaving began its decline in the mid 19th century, Strużnica also slowly began to die away.

The village's depopulation intensified in 1945. Today it has a few new homesteads, but the hostel which until recently functioned in Strużnica is currently closed. Despite the lack of accommodation, the village has an illuminated ski slope in the winter, with views across the main range of the Rudawy Janowickie.

The views afforded from Strużnica really are exceptional. The eyes are drawn to magnificent rock formations scattered across the Rudawy slopes. And there's the mysterious Lwia Góra, or Lion's Mountain, which during its heyday was ruled over by a cast iron lion next to a hidden rock city, a term which could be used in brief to describe the Starościńskie or "Starost's Wife's Rocks".

The Golden Spring situated at the edge of the village will definitely be quite a magnet for thirsty visitors.

A site for summer scouts camps is located between Strużnica and Gruszków.

 

Translation Jonathan Weber

Sources:

1. „Słownik geografii turystycznej Sudetów. Rudawy Janowickie". Red. M. Staffa. Wyd. I-BIS. Wrocław 1998.

2. „Przyroda Sudetów Zachodnich", tom 2. Red. A. Paczos. Wyd. Muzeum Przyrodnicze w Jeleniej Górze. Jelenia Góra 1999.

3. "Dolina Zamków i Ogrodów. Kotlina Jeleniogórska - wspólne dziedzictwo". Red. O. Czerner, A. Herzig. Muzeum Okręgowe w Jeleniej Górze. Berlin i Jelenia Góra 2003

4. B. Guerquin. „Zamki w Polsce".

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