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Janowice Wielkie palace

The palace in Janowice Wielkie was constructed in the 16th century, by the knight von Beier, as a manor on the right bank of the Bóbr river. From 1608-1609 it was extended on the order of Count Daniel von Schaffgotsch, owner of Bolczów castle, and was called a hunting castle.

The count was married twice, his first wife Gunzela Reibnitz of Madenzahn, and second – Hedwiga Schaffgotsch, daughter of Wolfgang Schaffgotsch. The lord of the manor died on 16 October 1633 during the great plague, and the property passed into the hands of the count’s second wife in 1639.

This was a difficult period of the Thirty Years’ War, when soldiers were plundering and looting households in the vicinity. On 26 September 1642 the manor was severely damaged when the imperial forces devastated Janowice Wielkie. Before long other armed forces, Swedish, came along and – on 5 December 1645 – set fire to the manor on the orders of Torstensohn; shortly afterwards it was rebuilt. These were tough times for Countess von Schaffgotch, faced with the poverty and atrocities of war. Many residents took shelter in the forests surrounding Bolczów castle. Her only son, Wolfgang Urlich, was murdered in 1665. The Countess herself died on 21 November 1668, and a gravestone in the church in Janowice Wielkie bore the inscription: “Here lies lady Hedwig, exhausted and worn thin by numerous crosses, much concern and suffering”.
The manor was passed down to the countess’s daughter,  Regina, the wife of Maximilian von Mauschwitz, and following her death in 1679 he son sold the property to Count Erdmann von Promnitz of the Reich. In 1765, the last owner in the Promnitz line, Johannes Erdmann, ceded the estate to his relatives, the Stolberg-Wernigerode family (owners of property in Trzcińsko and Miedzianka). Members of the Stolberg line in possession of the Janowice Wielkie palace were:
•    Count Christian Friedrich, died in 1824
•    his son Wilhelm, died in 1898
•    Count Constantine, Royal-Prussian supreme president of the former kingdom of Hanover, died in 1905
•    his son Count Eberhard, who was fatally injured in an accident when cleaning arms in 1929
•    Count Christian Friedrich (named after his great-grandfather), was the last of the Stolberg dynasty to run the palace, up until 1945
In 1952 the palace was converted into a social care home. Since 1997, count Eberhard Stolberg – in conjunction with the Polish board of caretakers – has been supporting hippotherapy for the disabled.
 


The manor was extended in 1830, when it took on its current ornate form. In 1917 a fire ravaged the outbuildings, but they were rebuilt at a later date. The manor estate was entered from the main street (the Bóbr side) via an arched gate, and an old brick building stood on the right, by the corner. The round arched gate connected the main manor building with a shelter for young people, known as the “home of the travelling birds”. A sign above the entrance portrayed a traveller with a guitar.
Literature: Kapałczyński W., Napierała P. „Zamki, pałace i dwory Kotliny Jeleniogórskiej”. Fundacja Doliny Pałaców i Ogrodów Kotliny Jeleniogórskiej. Wrocław 2005.


Translation Jonathan Weber

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